Narasimha Rao, was primarily blamed for the decline of Congress I. Voices calling for political independence grew in number.
He was the principal author of the Indian Declaration of Independence It returned to power in and ruled untilwhen it was once again defeated. Social-economic reforms included reduction in land revenue and protection of peasants against the cruel demands of the zamindars. Thus started an agitational strategy when age limit was reduced for Indians to appear for ICS and when a judge wanted an idol to be brought to the court.
He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian Independence Movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in until his death in office in Voices calling for political independence grew in number.
April Learn how and when to remove this template message Many Muslim community leaders, like the prominent educationalist Syed Ahmed Khanviewed the Congress negatively, owing to its membership being dominated by Hindus.
The party earlier stood for democratic socialism. Many of the acts of civil disobedience that followed were implemented through the All India Congress Committee, formed inwhich advocated avoiding taxes as a protest against British rule.
After the passage of the Government of India Act ofprovincial elections were held in India in the winter of —37 in eleven provinces: Tillthe Indian National Congress, demanded only for piecemeal reforms through petitions and prayers.
Motilal NehruLala Lajpat Rai and some other stalwarts backed Gandhi as they were not sure that they can lead the people like Tilak and Gokhale. A year earlier, in the election, however, Bose had been elected with the support of Gandhi.
Jawaharlal Nehru, who Gandhi had always preferred to Bose, had had a second term earlier. It was, however, routed in U. Tilak deeply opposed the British education system that ignored and defamed India's culture, history, and values, defying and disgracing the India culture.
Then Indian National Congress had supported that movement; Indians gained confidence in the working of that organization that the British could be thwarted through that organization, and millions of young people from across the country flooded into Congress membership.
You can help by adding to it. Annie Besant launched the Home Rule Movement to put forth Indian demands for Home Rule — Indian participation in the affairs of their own country — a precursor to Swaraj.
The forerunners of the Indian National Congress were many and among them the most important ones were: They believed that the education system, economy and social justice model for a future nation should be designed to suit the specific local requirements.
The NAC, as well as the Left Front that supported the government from the outside, were widely seen as being the driving force behind such legislation.
Their goal was not complete independence but reform. The BJP lay in ruins and its loss was clearly the gain of the Congress. The perception of bodies like the Congress was that of an elitist, then educated and wealthy people's institution. Jinnah was a member of the moderate group in the Congress, favouring Hindu — Muslim unity in achieving self-government.
Mohandas Gandhi was a lawyer who had successfully led the struggle of Indians in South Africa against British discriminatory laws. Nandigram and the murder of a Muslim youth Rizwan has put the Marxists on the defensive. Rao accelerated the dismantling of the Licence Raj, reversing the socialist policies of previous governments.
Motilal NehruLala Lajpat Rai and some other stalwarts backed Gandhi as they were not sure that they can lead the people like Tilak and Gokhale. It also has supported secular policies that encourage equal rights for all citizens, including those in lower castes.
Infollowing a poor performance in the general election, Indira Gandhi started moving towards the political left. The son of a prominent lawyer and nationalist statesman, Nehru was a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple, where he trained to be a barrister.
A year earlier, in the election, however, Bose had been elected with the support of Gandhi. While most were open to the benefits of Western influences and the socio-economic egalitarianism of socialism, they were opposed to being defined by either model.
Rajiv Gandhi, and he was sworn in as Prime Minister in June Delegates from state and district parties attend an annual national conference, which elects a president and the All India Congress Committee.
The growth of nationalism and political consciousness led to the birth and growth of several political organizations emerged mostly during the later half of the 19th century. He was the principal author of the Indian Declaration of Independence It performed very well, coming to power in eight of the eleven provinces where elections were held.
History The pre-independence period The Indian National Congress first convened in Decemberthough the idea of an Indian nationalist movement opposed to British rule dated from the s.
He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian Independence Movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in until his death in office in.
Oct 31, · Find essays and research papers on Indian National Congress at makomamoa.com We've helped millions of students since Join the world's largest study community. Indian National Congress Essay The Indian National Congress (INC) was a leader of the Indian freedom movement against British colonial rule.
One of the success stories of the nationalist struggle in Asia, the congress was established in Indian National Congress Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India was born at Allahabad on 14 November - Indian National Congress introduction.
He was the only son of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani. The Indian National Congress was on crossroads after the conclusion of the 11th Lok Sabha elections in May It could capture only seats in the Parliament.
It, however, had the satisfaction of capturing 4 Lok Sabha seats in J & K. India’s party was the Indian National Congress unlike China which had the Guomindang as well as the Communist Party of China (CPC).
We will write a custom essay sample on Indian National Congress specifically for you. The Indian national Congress played the most important role under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi in the liberation of India from the British rule.
The Indian National Congress acted as the main platform for the National Freedom Struggle, beard the torch for secular politics and unified the divergent forces in the country.Indian national congress essay